How FICO Credit Scores Are Calculated
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to a single number.
This score is built by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history from your various loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans etcetera.
The three credit reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary, the differences aren't huge; all of the agencies use the following factors in calculating a score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- Payment History - Have you paid more than 30 days late?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe on them?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The result is a single number: your credit score. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is better. Most home buyers will likely find their credit scores falling above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Raising your FICO score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Know your FICO
Before you can improve your credit score, you must obtain your score and make sure that the reports from each reporting agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the first FICO score, sells credit scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive to quickly get your FICO from all three agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide helpful information and tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from all three credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting one is quick and inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about your credit score? Call us at 866-840-8745 x2.